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Black Economic Empowerment in Agriculture – AgriBEE

By Craig Macaskill   Posted 2020-03-03   In Issues here and beyond our borders    Introduction Other countries make use of Social Responsibility Indexes or “Investor in People” standards to measure and report on the social responsibility of businesses. First and foremost, Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) or Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (B-BBEE) is an attempt to encourage all businesses to measure […]


Water usage in agriculture, water usage in Africa, Water purification and recycling solutions, Municipalities and the delivery of water services, National Water Act 1998 (Act 36 of 1998), Water Services Act 1997 (Act 108 of 1997), National Water and Sanitation Master Plan, National Water Resource Strategy (NWRS)

Fisheries and the ocean economy

Introduction Our oceans cover nearly three-quarters of the earth’s surface, and produce more than half the oxygen in the atmosphere. Some 97% of our water is here. It is a major influence on weather systems and home of a vast array of marine life – from whales to phytoplankton. Over 3 billion people depend on […]

Emerging farmer support

Emerging farmer support in South Africa

Introduction Small-scale farming is useful and should be supported. Entry levels are lower than for commercial farming; machinery and technology is not as sophisticated, and it creates food security for the families who are farming, allowing for economic activity. As pointed out in an article listed under the “Websites & publications” heading, agriculture does not have to […]

Climate change and global warming

climate change in Africa

Introduction Several gases in the atmosphere trap energy from the sun – and warm the earth. Without this “greenhouse effect” life would not be possible on this planet. Our activities over the past two centuries though, especially the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil, have increased the building up of greenhouse gases in […]


Energy-smart farming: how to save electricity in farming activities

Food security

Introduction The availability of food is the starting point of all life. The main issue around food is whether people can afford it, a nutritious adequate diet that makes for healthy human beings. The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) defines food security as “A situation that exists when all people, at all times, have […]